Driving test

How To Pass The Hazard Perception Test

Our mock hazard perception tests are here at the bottom of the page.

As a video clip plays showing a road traffic situation, you must identify a developing hazard: something that will cause the driver to change speed, direction or stop.

When you see the hazard develop, click the mouse. The sooner you click, the more points you score. Five points is the maximum per hazard. Click too late, and you score zero.

There are fourteen clips. Thirteen show one hazard, and one shows two hazards.

You cannot continuously click the mouse as the clip plays. If you do this, you will score zero. However, you will not lose points for clicking on other potential hazards that may also be seen. The practice clips below will familiarize you with this.

Watch the Official DVSA Hazard Perception Introduction Video

To Help You Pass The Test

As soon as you see a potential hazard appear, click the mouse once then, after a brief pause, click again. The hazard may not develop into an actual hazard, but by clicking, you have covered yourself if it does.

Hazard Perception Test: Potential Hazard

Potential Hazard: The woman is running along the pavement. Does she want to catch the bus? Does she intend to hurry across the road? Maybe, but if you click now you won't score any points, as she is not an actual hazard only a potential one.

Hazard Perception Test: Developing Hazard

Developing Hazard: The woman raises her hand and signals her intent to cross the road and get to the bus. As she moves towards the road, she becomes an actual hazard. The scoring window opens. Click now and score points.

Hazard Perception Test: Actual Hazard

Actual Hazard: The woman is on the road and has become an actual hazard. She has forced the driver to take action: to change speed, direction or stop. The scoring window closes just before this action begins. If you click now, you will score nil points.

To Pass The Test

To pass the test, you must score at least 44 points out of a possible 75 points, and you must also pass the theory test, multiple-choice questions, which you will take prior to the staring the hazard perception.

The Test Is Taken

The hazard perception test is the second part of the driving theory test. After you complete the theory multiple-choice questions (the actual theory test questions), you will be permitted a break of up to 3 minutes. A short tutorial video will then play. This will tell you how the hazard perception test works and how you should conduct the test. Once the video finishes, the test will begin. The test will last for around 20 minutes.

Definition of a Hazard

A road traffic hazard can be anything that causes a driver to change the speed, the direction or to stop the vehicle they are driving. Although in real life a hazard may be static, such as a set of traffic lights, a junction or a bend, these are not the sorts of hazards that you will need to identify during the hazard perception test. During the test, you will need to identify hazards that develop, and so have motion, such as a bus pulling away from a bus stop or a lollypop lady stepping into the road.

How Many Clicks is Too many Clicks?

If you click the mouse too many times while taking the test, you will score zero for the clip. How many is too many? The DVSA does not reveal this. However, as they say, do the maths. Each hazard test is about one minute long. If you clicked once every two seconds (about thirty clicks in total) you would definitely click at least twice on the actual hazard while the scoring window was open, as the scoring window must be at least five seconds long. So, from this, can we conclude thirty clicks would be too many?

Potential Hazards - What To Look Out For When Taking The Hazard Perception Test

When driving a car, hazards can come from all directions and can emerge from most road traffic situations. As learner drivers taking lessons out on the road with a driving instructor, you will encounter such hazards on a regular basis. In doing so, you will learn a great deal about taking and passing the hazard perception test, particularly what constitutes a hazard, and in what environment or situation a hazard is likely to appear.

Always think of the driving test as being a single entity - not three separate tests. Practicing for the hazard perception test will help you pass the practical driving test, and vise versa.

Below is a list of common road traffic hazards that you will experience while driving. These hazards will appear in the hazard test, as potential and actual hazards. When taking the test, if any of these potential hazards or situations are seen, you should ask yourself how they, potential hazards, may turn into actual hazards. Always be thinking 'what if?'

General Driving

Residential Streets

Residential streets are full of potential hazards as they contain not just moving road traffic but pedestrians, cyclists and parked vehicle restricting views and movement. Look out for:

Roads Near Schools

There is always a good chance that the hazard test will include a hazard by a school, as the powers that be, quite rightly, like to highlight the safety of children on our roads. Look out for:

Country Roads Hazards

If you are a learner driver who lives in a city or large town, it may be that you will never have a driving lesson on a rural road. This unfamiliarity with rural driving increases the likelihood that a rural hazard will appear in the hazard perception test, as the DVSA want to prepare you for the day you do drive on a rural road. Look out for:

Motorway Hazards

Prior to passing the driving test, a learner driver is not permitted to drive on a motorway, and most newly qualified drivers do not have additional motorway driving lessons. The result of this is that most newly qualified drivers have very little practical experience of driving on motorways, there is, however, a motorway section to learn for the theory test. To help learner drivers learn about motorway driving, I think it is likely a motorway hazard will form part of the hazard test. Look out for:

Preparing For The Test

To prepare and practice for the hazard perception test, try testing yourself. Take a journey by car and watch the road ahead. Numerous hazards will emerge. Some will develop, others will not. Can you tell which? For the potential hazards that develop into actual hazards, ask yourself what action you would need to take in order to deal with them safely. Of course, the driving lessons you take in a car will give you a good insight into how potential hazards develop into actual hazards.

To further help you understand hazard awareness see our guide on anticipation and planning. You will also find it useful to read our theory test category pages, specifically the hazard awareness and vulnerable road users sections.

Although the Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency (DVSA) do not release the actual hazard perception test clips there are books & multi-media that have example hazard perception test clips etc. DVSA hazard perception test information.

Practice Hazard Perception Tests

Click the links below to try our mock hazard perception tests.